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HomeLearning JazzRhythmTempo Vs. Time Feel and Tips On Improving Them

Tempo Vs. Time Feel and Tips On Improving Them

As a professional drummer and educator, I’ve taught many students and I’ve noticed that many of them are concerned about their tempo. They always ask for advice on how to improve or overcome their tempo issues. However, rarely has a student asked me about time feel.

I’ve found that in many cases, students of all instruments are confused with the two terms. And on many occasions when they ask about tempo issues, they are really talking about time feel issues or the other way around.

Tempo and time feel are two greatly related concepts, they complement each other. If you have a good grasp on tempo, it is most likely you going to have a nice feel, and vice versa. However, you don’t necessarily need one to have the other; for instance, you can have a great tempo and no time feel at all.

Music notation software is a great example of this.

If you type any music into music notation software it is going to play it with perfect tempo, but is it going to feel good? I highly doubt it. On the other hand, you can have great time feel, but not perfect tempo. Examples of this can be heard on many great live recordings in which the band has an outstanding feel but they rush throughout the song.

That being said, despite their relationship, time feel and tempo should be practiced as separate subjects.

Why? According to my experience, the tempo has to do more with technical and physical aspects related to performance. Whereas time feel has more to do with language and knowledge of the repertoire and style of music we are playing.

In this lesson, I’m going to be discussing and sharing with you my perspective and some exercises to improve and overcome both tempo and time feel related issues. So let’s begin!


As I mentioned before, one of the questions I get often from my students is: How can my tempo be improved? The answer seems like a no-brainer, right? You may be thinking, I just need to practice with my metronome a lot, and eventually, my tempo is going to be perfect. However, only practicing with a metronome rarely solves tempo issues.

Having a good tempo means having the ability to create from within our mind and body a steady pulse. We can translate this pulse to our instrument so we can play along with it continuously. While practicing with a metronome is useful and necessary, it is not the entire solution to the problem. In my experience, other aspects of performing, which have nothing to do with the ability to follow a metronome, play an important role on the fluctuation of your tempo.

Physical aspects of performing like technique, posture and breathing have a lot to do with our ability to play with good and steady tempo. Bad technique, posture or inconsistent breathing can dramatically affect our tempo and I’ll explain to you why:

Our brain needs to have the room to focus on keeping a steady tempo, which, as I said before, can be translated to our playing. So anything getting in the way of our brain to perform that basic function is going to affect our ability to play with a solid tempo.

Bad technique is, in my opinion, the number one cause of shaky tempo. And practicing with a metronome is not going to fix your bad technique issues.

A lot of people argue that technique gets in the way of creativity. I personally cannot disagree more with that statement. I see technical skills as a tool or medium for creativity to come from our mind into the real physical world. The better the technique, the clearer our ideas are going to come across.

A good exercise to overcome technique issues, which can affect your tempo, is record a video of yourself. But this exercise has a twist.

Exercise: Record a Video of Yourself

Before recording yourself, get a metronome and listen to a tempo of your choice for a few seconds. Then turn the metronome off and proceed to play and record yourself for a few minutes. Then listen back and check how well you were able to retain the original tempo, and for how long you were able to keep it.

Here’s what you’ll get out of this exercise:

  1. Observe what your problems with tempo are; do you tend to rush or to drag?
  2. By video recording yourself, you can also observe technical problems, like bad posture, strange motions, tension in your body and in some cases even breathing issues.

When I started doing this a long time ago, I discovered my tendency to rush. I tried it out on different tempos and styles, which I recommend you to do as well, and in all of them, I was rushing.

But in addition, I was able to spot a lot of tension on the left side of my body. My left leg was moving in awkward ways, creating a huge amount of tension in my calf muscle. And my left arm looked like it was made out of steel. Also, when I recorded myself soloing I noticed I was rushing even more. On further analysis, I realized I was holding my breath for long passages when I was soloing. These, of course, are drummer issues, but every instrument has its own set of things.

At that moment I didn’t realize the connection between my technical problems and my tempo problems. I got really concerned about the technical issues and started working on them right away. And I’m glad I did, because after a while when I overcame my technical issues, I realized that my tempo problem also went away.

I’ve tried this on many of my students as well, with great results. I highly recommend this exercise, because it changed my life. I did it consistently for a while and every time I was able to spot little details that were affecting my playing. Once I overcame those details my playing grew exponentially.

Time Feel

When talking about time feel, we are talking about how you interpret the time coming out of your brain and making it fit into the music you are playing. As I said before, you can have great tempo, but not the right feel.

In most of the cases, I have noticed that the lack of a good time feel is associated with the lack of knowledge about the language of the style in which we are playing.

A musician with a classical training can have rock solid tempo, but maybe if we put that musician in a Latin jazz environment he or she might not have the right feel for it. And it has nothing to do with technique, but with not being familiar with the language of the genre.

That being said, don’t waste your time with a metronome if you need to address any time feel issues in your playing. Submerge yourself in the style you desire to play and learn the language. As you familiarize yourself with the style, time feel related problems are going to go away.

Last month I wrote an article on why jazz musician should practice along with records. I highly recommend you to check it out. In there I give some ideas on how to work on time feel using the records of the jazz masters.

Remember time feel doesn’t have anything to do with technique but it has everything to do with knowing the style, the language.

Hope this lesson gave you a clear distinction on what tempo and time feel are, as well as some ideas on how to work on related issues you may have in your playing.

Don’t hesitate to drop a line in the comment section or go and follow me on Instagram or Facebook if you wish to ask me something about this lesson or just share your thoughts.

Diego Maldonado
Diego is a professional jazz drummer, composer, and educator. He is originally from Venezuela and currently living in New York City. He attended The Collective School of Music and The City College of New York where he earned, with honors, a Bachelor degree in Jazz Performance.Diego has become an active member of the exciting city’s jazz scene, both as a performer and educator, playing with artists such as Will Vinson, Doug Weiss, Kenny Werner, Tim Hagans, Mike Holober, Mimi Jones, Lukas Gabric, Josiah Boornazian, Antonio Mazzei, Brent Vaartstra, Coyote Anderson, among many others.Diego is an Agean Cymbals and Vater Percussion Artist.


  1. I think this is God gifted I’m making beats for 4 years and I’m still not able bounce and put different parts together which groove all well together

    Now it creates pressure in my brain and thinking of QUITin all my efforts got wasted

  2. Although Diego has awesome advice — I'd like to challenge what he said about technique being the number one destroyer of up tempo playing. Technique is definitely a huge part. The other, more important (and always overlooked) part is that you are not practicing the tempo correctly. Placing the click on all quarter notes for 200 will NOT help you solo at that tempo. Placing the click one 2 and 4 won't help you at 200 either.

    The reason? Hearing that many clicks at that speeds wreaks psychology terror on your body. You tense up. Shoulders raise. You lock up. The reason? You are NOT feeling the big beat.

    At 200 bpm, place the click on the downbeat OR the click on the down beat of every other bar (2 measures) or at every four bars (that would be 16 beats in total)

    Why? Because music is NOT written in quarter notes. I don't care what the genre or instrument. Music is written , played, and improvised in phrases. 2 bar phrases, 4 bar phrases, 8 bar phrases are the most popular in American and Classical Music.

    Don't believe me? Test it out yourself.

    The people we should be listening to about rhythm are oft ignored: Drummers. So to Diegeo, I scream, PREACH, BROTHA!

    • Hey Irez87, I cannot agree more with you. However, I'm not talking here specifically about uptempos. My argument is that technique gets in the way of playing good tempo in general even ballads. According to my experience, working on myself and on my students, I've seen great results on improving the ability to keep good tempo, as we improve the technical issues. Once our brain is not stuck thinking on which finger, hand, leg or whatever you have to move, it can focus better on listenng and feeling the internal clock.

      Again, It is my experience and I don't hold the absolute true. Here, I share my thougths and experience as a professional drummer and educator. I'm sure other musicianas might have different takes on the issue, and that's fine, because everyone is different and what works for one person might not work for another one.

      Regarding uptempo, as I said before I agree with you. I actually have a lesson here on uptempos that you might want to check out. And it addresses exactly that you're saying.


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