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Autumn Leaves E minor

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Autumn Leaves is played often in two different keys, G minor and E minor. However, when I was researching this tune we found very few recordings in E minor. The recordings we checked out were in all kinds of different keys. Nevertheless, G minor and E minor are considered the standard keys for this tune.

Also worthy of note, this standard was first written in 1945 in France under the name “Les Feuilles Mortes,” which is translated “the dead leaves” or “fallen leaves.” Though not technically a part of the Great American Songbook due to the nationality of the tune’s composer, the tune eventually came to have all of the characteristics of other songs in that category after Johnny Mercer wrote English lyrics in 1947, save for the fact that it was not composed by an American.
This tune is difficult to categorize, and we recognize that the Great American Songbook isn’t a perfect category for the tune. However, the tune fits even less neatly into all of our other categories. It is by default that we put put the tune into the Great American Songbook category because it shares so many characteristics with the other songs in that category, such as frequent ii-V-Is, traditional harmony, lyrics, and a singable melody.

Videos to learn the melody/changes

Camden Hughes
Camden Hughes
Camden is a working jazz pianist, multi-instrumentalist, and music educator currently living near Boise, ID. He teaches music at the Idaho Arts Charter School, and is the jazz adjunct professor at Northwest Nazarene University. Check out his music at


  1. I really appreciate what you did, thanks a lot!
    I couldn't find instructional material for learning a tune. Let's say Autumn Leaves, we hear Joe Pass and other guys but we can't see how to play or improvise over only by getting a standard chord sheet. Is there any other information or analysis of the tunes you offer on this page?
    Keep up the good work guys 🙂

  2. Thank you for this play along track. This is the first jazz standard I'm trying. I got the bass and drums version from the store (around 6 min long). I get lost in the middle of the track and can't find my way to the melody/chords. I heard a lot of different versions over the past month to get a hang of the this song. Can anybody who tried playing with this mind sharing their audio? (Any instrument). I appreciate it. Thanks

  3. Wow, what a great site – and what a great guy who takes on all ths work to share his musical knowledge: Thank you very much! We’ll us your site to get the youth who are jamming in our youth club introduced to the world of jazz. Keep up the great work!


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